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Bone Grafting

woman looking at x-ray with doctor.Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that resolves problems with the bones or joints. Bone tissue is transplanted to repair and rebuild damaged or diseased bones.

A bone graft can help treat fractures, bone defects, spinal fusion or joint problems. The bone used in grafting can be taken from your own body or from a donor. In some cases, it may be fully synthetic.

Types of Bone Graft

As the dental bone grows, it fuses with the graft material and develops into a properly integrated new bone. There are four major types of bone grafting material that are used:
•  Autografts: Bone tissue taken from the patient’s own body. This is usually obtained from the shin, chin or hip.
•  Allografts: This is bone tissue taken from a human donor. It is usually obtained from the cadaver bone, and is treated to neutralize it from immune reactions and diseases.
•  Xenografts: These come from inorganic parts of animal bones.
•  Ceramic-based grafts: They are either made solely from ceramics or combined with other material like bioactive glass or calcium.

Dental Bone Graft Procedure

Prior to the surgery, your dentist will discuss the treatment plan with you and analyze the grafting material to be used. Here are the 5 general steps involved:


A local anesthetic is typically used to numb the site. If the tissue is sourced from your own body or you have dental anxiety, then you may require IV sedation.

Extraction/Bone Sourcing

In case of an autograft, the dentist will start by sourcing the bone from the selected location. In case a tooth removal is needed, the surgeon may also extract your tooth at this stage. Bone grafting combined with tooth extraction facilitates faster healing.

Graft Insertion

The dentist will thoroughly clean the site. If there is no need for a tooth extraction, the dentist would make an incision into the gum tissue to reveal the bone. They will then secure the bone graft material to the exposed bone.


The area is sutured once the graft material is attached in place. Pins, wires, plates, cable and titanium screws may be used by the dentist to keep the tissue in place. If the bone is taken from your own body, the source area is also stitched together.


You can usually return home the same day as the surgery is performed. Approximately 4-6 months are required for the area to fully heal and be ready for a dental implant. Your dentist will provide aftercare guidelines, which you must adhere to in order to prevent complications.

Are Bone Grafts Painful?

Bone graft surgery may seem complex, but it is not a painful experience for patients as they are sedated throughout the process. Once the surgery is over and the anesthetics wear off, the pain you experience is generally tolerable. You can take over-the-counter painkillers over the next few days to prevent pain or discomfort.

If substantial work was one during the procedure, some discomfort after the surgery is common. Prescription-strength medicines may also be recommended by your dentist to manage the pain.

After the procedure, make sure you switch to a soft and bland diet. You can also apply ice packs near the site to reduce pain or swelling. If you are suffering from toothache or pain in the jaw, schedule an appointment with us at JP Dental & Implant Center by calling us at (970) 822-7622 today.


2412 Patterson Rd. #7
Grand Junction, CO 81505-1259


(970) 822-7622


Mon: 9am - 4pm
Tue - Thur: 8am - 4pm
Fri: 8am - 3pm

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