Peri-implantitis begins when bacteria starts developing in the gums near the implant. It is an oral health condition that affects patients with dental implants.
Peri-implantitis is similar to gum disease as it harms the gums and teeth. However, getting implants does not mean you are bound to get peri-implantitis. The condition is preventable and easily treatable.
Symptoms of Peri-Implantitis
Recognizing early signs of peri-implantitis can allow your dentist to help you get rid of it effectively while retaining your implant. Here are some tell-tale symptoms of the condition:
Causes of Peri-Implantitis
If you feel that your daily life is being affected due to discomfort or pain near your dental implants, it is best to schedule a visit with your dentist immediately. Here is an overview of the primary causes of the condition:
Compromised Immune System
If you are already suffering from another disease, such as diabetes, you are more prone to peri-implantitis. Risks may also increase if you have ever had a different kind of mouth infection similar to peri-implantitis in the past.
Poor Oral Hygiene
When food particles get lodged near your implants and are not removed by regular brushing and flossing, a layer of plaque may form over your teeth. When plaque hardens into tartar, it becomes a breeding ground for bacteria. Make sure you maintain good oral hygiene practices to minimize and eradicate pathogens found in plaque and tartar.
These are involuntary habits that you may develop due to malformation of a body part or a nervous tick. Such behavior can even occur unconsciously while you are asleep. Parafunctional habits may include teeth grinding, nail-biting, and poor position of teeth when the jaw is closed.
Treatment of Peri-Implantitis
Peri-mucositis is the first stage of infection in the gums near an implant. It can be prevented and treated by maintaining good oral hygiene. If left untreated, the condition can develop into peri-implantitis, and may cause some jawbone loss.
The first treatment step is a non-surgical therapy combined with the use of chlorhexidine mouthwashes and gels to reduce bacteria deposits. It is also important for the dentist to check for signs of cement deposit beneath the gums and near the implant, which is commonly associated with peri-implantitis.
After six weeks, a re-evaluation is required, where the dentist will examine whether the bleeding and the probing depths have decreased. Your appointment schedule will depend on your individual condition. In case bone loss, bleeding, or pus continue to emerge after repeated non-surgical therapy, surgical treatments such as bone regeneration, respective surgery and implantoplasty may be required.
Usually, a combination of treatments may be needed to cure peri-implantitis. If you experience any signs of the condition, schedule an appointment with us at JP Dental & Implant Center by calling us at (970) 822-7622 today.